Types of Breach of Contract in Thailand

Contracts weave the fabric of commerce in Thailand binding parties to obligations and fostering trust in agreements. When these contractual threads unravel resulting in breach of contract, understanding the legal framework, types of breaches and available remedies is essential for business and individuals alike.

The Thai Civil and Commercial Code TCCC allows several legal actions to address breach of contracts. These include damages, specific performance and rescission, a remedy that cancels the contract returning both parties to their pre-contractual positions.


Contracts weave the fabric of commerce in Thailand, binding parties to their legal obligations and fostering trust in agreements. When those contractual threads unravel, however, the once-harmonious melody of commercial transactions can become a jarring cacophony. Navigating breach of contract situations effectively requires a thorough understanding of the legal framework, potential consequences, and available remedies.

As in many jurisdictions, a significant number of breach of contract disputes arise regarding payment obligations. Whether the dispute stems from financial irresponsibility or willful misconduct, these types of cases frequently see Thai courts.

Remedies for breaches of contract in Thailand include damages, specific performance, and rescission. Each of these provisions can provide a remedy to the non-breaching party for harm caused by the breaching party, compensating them for losses incurred as a result of the breach. Taking proactive measures, seeking professional guidance, and exploring alternative dispute resolution options can help individuals and businesses avoid lengthy legal proceedings. However, if those methods prove unsuccessful, litigation may be necessary.

Specific Performance

Contracts provide the foundation for business transactions and relationships, creating a clear framework for rights and obligations. When contractual promises are not upheld, a breach of contract occurs and can have significant legal implications. Fortunately, the legal system provides avenues for parties to seek redress in such situations through negotiation, alternative dispute resolution, or court proceedings.

Specific performance allows the injured party to compel the breaching party to fulfill its contractual obligations. This remedy is often available when monetary compensation does not adequately cover losses suffered. In the case of a material breach, this remedy may also allow the non-breaching party to terminate the contract and claim damages.

As with all legal disputes, early action and communication are key to avoiding and resolving breaches of contract. Having clear and comprehensive contracts, seeking legal counsel when necessary, and utilizing a contract management software can all help prevent breaches from occurring and mitigate their impact when they do.


Contracts weave the fabric of business relationships in Thailand, binding parties to their legal obligations and fostering trust in agreements. When these threads unravel, breach of contract disputes can arise, leading to costly legal action and lost opportunities. Understanding the nature of these disputes and the remedies available empowers individuals and businesses to navigate them effectively.

Rescission is an equitable remedy that cancels a contract and returns both parties to their pre-contractual positions. It can be invoked in cases of fraudulent inducement or misrepresentation. It may also be a remedy where the contract is illegal, prohibited or void under Thai law.

Most attorneys will try to settle matters like a breach of contract out of court, but if negotiations fail, it can be necessary to file a case at the Thai courts. Baker McKenzie’s Thailand lawyers can manage this process, including preparing the claim, appearing as counsel in local courts and enforcing or challenging an award.


Contracts are the backbone of many business transactions and relationships, providing a framework for parties to define their rights and obligations. When those contracts are breached, it has significant legal implications. Understanding the legal landscape, common types of breaches, and available remedies can empower individuals and businesses to navigate contract disputes effectively.

In Thailand, courts use a variety of remedies to enforce contractual agreements. These include monetary compensation to cover losses suffered as a result of the breach, specific performance (requiring the breaching party to fulfil their contractual duties) and remedies such as declaratory and interim injunctions.

Concurrent civil liability is also an option, where a breach of contract can give rise to liabilities under other areas of law such as consumer protection laws. This is an area of law that requires specialist advice for specific circumstances.

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